Artificial Intelligence is a disruptive force we cannot overlook anymore. There is evidence of it in the way we live, transact business to how we are governed. There is a rising need for structures to guide responsible conduct of markets and systems of governance without suffocating innovation.
The recent summons of the founder and CEO of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, by US Senate heightened the awareness of the potential risks posed by data-driven AI technologies. As AI becomes more and more integrated into our daily lives, here is a look at the conflicts we can expect:
Autonomous cars: Over 200 start-ups and tech companies are keen on curving their own piece of the revolution in the automotive industry. With this, they expose themselves to lawsuits in the areas of:
Prolonged exposure to electromagnetic radiation from all the signal sending and receiving gadgets in the cars will cause health issues for users
compromised safety from malfunctions and risk of being hacked open a whole other can of worms. The complacency of users will reduce response time in the unpredictable events of the road.
Also, a skilled hacker could gain access to a user’s personal information for sale or ransom. The biggest concern would, however, be terrorist networks gaining access to such a car for use as a weapon.
Law firms are using AI to perform paralegal work such as due diligence with efficiency. It is also used to process documents faster with more accurate detection of errors.
Algorithms will be employed to predict the outcomes of litigation by studying patterns. These patterns have to be fed in as data. Biased or incomplete data will give a biased outcome and this is where the conflict will be found.
Military forces will employ cutting-edge robotic systems such as the rumoured “Lethal Autonomous Weapons” program that will identify and hit targets without human approval or involvement. Issues of decision-making in complex scenarios will arise.
Monitoring of access to data and knowledge: the world today is rife with interconnections between everything. Social media and consumer goods companies are collecting huge amounts of data from each one of us to help them determine our individual patterns with accuracy. Our interests (explicit and implicit), activities and interests.
AI systems with access to this information will be able to accurately predict current and future needs as well as behaviours. Thinking about the output of this AI shows just how powerful whoever was to control this information would be. Issues of unauthorized access to all this personal information are bound to find their way to court.
Technological unemployment: as the machines take over and improve on jobs in major industries, uprisings will emerge that will demand things back to how they were. Such unrests could lead to property being damaged, hence arrests and arraignment.
Decision making in the heat of the moment: emerging AI is being applied to automate critical processes and decisions in real-time. Their capacity to be objective in the determination of the outcomes of such decisions is, however, a point that needs to be examined under a microscope. How will an AI react to situations with moral and ethical aspects?
AI logic must be predefined without bias understood properly before they are accepted.